College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Effects of Experimenter Surveillance on Reactive Self-Monitoring

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1989

Publication Title

Research in Developmental Disabilities

ISSN

0891-4222

Volume

10

Issue/No.

2

Abstract

Two women with mild and moderate mental retardation self-monitored their work productivity with and without experimenter surveillance. For both subjects, reactive effects of self-monitoring were found without surveillance. However, reactivity was much greater when an observer was present while subjects’ self- monitored their work output. Reactive effects for one subject did not occur until she experienced surveillance in a previous experimental phase, suggesting that the history of surveillance established the reactivity of self-monitoring. Surveillance is viewed as a setting event that may be an important variable in achieving and maintaining benefits of self-management programs for persons with developmental disabilities.

DOI

10.1016/0891-4222(89)90005-X

Peer Reviewed

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