College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Behavioral Momentum in the Treatment of Escape-Motivated Stereotypy

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Winter 1990

Keywords

Behavioral Momentum; Functional Analysis; Basic Research; Stereotyped Behavior; Response Co-variation

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

ISSN

0021-8855

Volume

23

Issue/No.

4

Abstract

Descriptive and experimental analyses of stereotypy by a woman with severe mental retardation showed that the behavior was maintained by escape from demands. A sequence of high-probability requests issued immediately prior to a task-related request established a momentum of compliance that increased compliance with task-related demands. Increases in compliance were accompanied by collateral reductions in stereotypic behavior. A mechanism of response co-variation, called functional incompatibility, and an animal analogue study for testing the validity of this mechanism are proposed.

DOI

10.1901/jaba.1990.23-507

Peer Reviewed

Find in your library

Share

COinS