College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Psychological Adjustment of Visually Handicapped Children and Youth

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1986

Publication Title

Clinical Psychology Review

ISSN

0272-7358

Volume

6

Issue/No.

1

Abstract

Recent evidence has suggested that visually handicapped children and adolescents experience difficulties in psychological functioning. This review examines the psychological, psychiatric, and vision literatures in four areas of adjustment in this population: intellectual functioning, personality characteristics, social development, and psychopathology. Although prevalence of maladjustment has been documented, a number of mediating variables appear to influence development in the visually impaired, including etiology of vision loss, extent of impairment, and residential setting. The paucity of controlled research makes it difficult to draw firm conclusions from the data at this time. However, preliminary formulations suggest that although visual impairment places children and adolescents at high risk of psychological dysfunction, it does not, by itself necessarily cause maladjustment. It is suggested that future research emphasize (a) increased use of more precise diagnostic assessment tools, (b) further delineation of subject characteristics, and (c) a multidisciplinary approach to psychological adjustment in this population.

*This work was supported by grant No. G008300135 from the National Institute of Handicapped Research, U.S. Department of Education.

DOI

10.1016/0272-7358(86)90019-X

Peer Reviewed

Find in your library

Share

COinS