College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Theories of Reactivity in Self-Monitoring: A Comparison of Cognitive-Behavioral and Operant Models

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1985

Publication Title

Behavior Modification

ISSN

0145-4455

Volume

9

Issue/No.

3

Abstract

Three theoretical explanations have been proposed to account for reactivity in self-monitoring, including Kanfer's cognitive-mediational model, Rachlin's operant recording response model, and Nelson and Hayes's multiple cueing models. The present study compared these models under uniform conditions. Sixty undergraduates were assigned to either self-monitoring (SM); SM plus goal setting (GS); SM, GS, plus self-reinforcement (SR); GS plus SR; or a training only control group. The dependent variable consisted of verbal nonfluencies. Results suggested that although all conditions produced significant reductions in verbal nonfluencies, reactive effects were largest under the two conditions that employed self-reinforcement conditions (i.e., SM + GS + SR, and GS + SR). The role of external contingencies in the reactivity of self-monitoring are discussed.

DOI

10.1177/01454455850093003

Peer Reviewed

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