Faculty Articles


Neuropsychological Effects Assessed Using WISC-IV and WISC-V

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology







This review explores The Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) and the Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fifth Edition (WISC-V) administered to children with various medical histories including traumatic brain injury, vascular conditions, brain tumor, epilepsy, strokes, sickle cell disease, down syndrome, and neurotoxicity on neurodevelopment. This review aims to explore neuropsychological effects of these medical conditions derived from final scores and scale comparisons.

Data Selection

Peer-reviewed studies between 2000 and 2020 were gathered from EBSCO, Google Scholar, and Science Direct. Criteria was limited to neurological conditions present in children, who were required to be assessed using either WISC-IV or WISC-V. Children with other developmental or learning disabilities were excluded. Data on Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) were excluded along with any other assessment administered to children. Thirteen articles were included based on the criteria along with two articles that discuss the validity of WISC.

Data Synthesis

The components of the WISC-IV or WISC-V demonstrated low average or below average scores on many scales, especially overall FSIQ. The largest impairments were present in Processing Speed Index, Verbal Comprehension Index, Working Memory Index, Visual Spatial Index, and overall FSIQ. All children assessed with preexisting neurological conditions demonstrated deficits in neuropsychological domains. The severity of the neurological condition significantly impacted scores when compared to children with no conditions.


The administration of WISC-IV and WISC-V demonstrated neuropsychological and functioning impairments in children with preexisting neurological conditions. The assessment successfully identified deficit areas and earlier testing can encourage earlier treatments.



Peer Reviewed