Faculty Articles

Utilizing Social Support in Treating Complex Trauma in Sexual and Gender Minorities

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Sexual and gender minorities (SGM) are those who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning. All other affectional and sexual orientations and gender identities are represented by a “plus” (LGBTQ+). Sexual orientation refers to one’s sexual attraction, and affectional orientation refers to one’s emotional attraction towards others (Ginicola, Smith, & Filmore, 2017). Gender identity is how one feels or experiences their gender, which may or may not be congruent with their sex assigned at birth. When an individual who is assigned a sex at birth that does not match their gender identity, one may identify as transgender, non-binary, or queer (Ellis & Cook, 2017).

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