Faculty Articles

Title

Using a Vulnerability-Stress-Adaptation Framework to Model Intimate Partner Violence Risk Factors in Late Life: A Systematic Review

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2021

Publication Title

Aggression and Violent Behavior

ISSN or ISBN

1359-1789

Volume

57

Abstract/Excerpt

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent among romantic dyads. While rates decline as couples age, a significant number of couples continue to experience IPV. Given the detrimental effect of IPV on intrapersonal and interpersonal functioning, the current systematic review aimed to identify risk factors among older adult couples. Further, this paper aimed to apply a well-validated framework for understanding marital quality and IPV, the Vulnerability Stress Adaptation (VSA) model, to aggression among older adults. Using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses standards, results demonstrated that low socioeconomic status, cognitive impairment, caregiver burden, psychological distress, and social isolation are key risk factors IPV among older adults. These, and other risk factors, are conceptualized using the VSA model.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2020.101493

Peer Reviewed

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