College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Increasing Social Interactions in Deaf-Blind Severely Handicapped Young Adults

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-1989

Keywords

Reinforcement (Psychology), Interpersonal Relations, Behavior Therapy Methods, Deafness, Blindness, Rehabilitation, Disabled Persons

Publication Title

Behavior Modification

ISSN

0145-4455

Volume

13

Issue/No.

2

Abstract

The effectiveness of prompting and positive reinforcement for increasing on-task behavior and social interactions in two deaf-blind severely handicapped young adults was examined. Treatment was conducted in a leisure setting in which subjects participated in games requiring social interchange. On-task behavior was initially targeted and treatment efficacy evaluated with a withdrawal design. After demonstration of experimental control, treatment was then implemented with social interactions in a multiple baseline design. Results showed increased percentages of on-task social interactions for both subjects with introduction of treatment. In addition, rates of non-targeted self-stimulatory responses were observed to decrease concurrently with treatment for target behaviors. Results are discussed in terms of the utility of behavioral strategies with deaf-blind persons and the importance of improved social performance in these individuals.

DOI

10.1177/01454455890132007

Peer Reviewed

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