Faculty Articles

Title

Frequency of Occurrence of Four- and Five-Factor WAIS-IV Profiles

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-11-2019

Keywords

Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory, factor analysis, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition

Publication Title

Applied Neuropsychology: Adult

ISSN

2327-9109

Abstract

Interpretive strategies for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) include Wechsler's four-factor structure and the five-factor Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model. The frequency of profile occurrence and the contribution of demographic- and ability-related variables to their incidence are unknown. Current participants were 291 referrals (males = 134; female = 157) for neuropsychological evaluation with mean years for age and education of 34.94 (SD = 13.53) and 12.74 (SD = 2.46), respectively. Lichtenberger and Kaufman's guidelines for selecting each model were applied. Of the total, 67.3% were four-factor and 32.6% were five-factor profiles. The same pattern emerged when participants were subdivided by gender, education, ethnicity, IQ, and diagnosis. A noteworthy association between IQ and profile type emerged. When IQ increased, four-factor profiles declined and five-factors increased. A logistic regression, using demographics, IQ, and diagnosis as predictors, correctly classified 64.8% of participants. The average subtest intercorrelations and g saturations in the four-factor group were substantially larger than those for five-factor participants. These findings were consistent with Spearman's differentiation by ability hypothesis.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550411

PubMed ID

30633589

Peer Reviewed

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