Reducing Alcohol Consumption to Minimize Weight Gain and Facilitate Smoking Cessation among Military Beneficiaries
tobacco cessation, weight gain, alcohol consumption, military
Smoking cessation-related weight gain can have significant negative health and career consequences for military personnel. Alcohol reduction combined with smoking cessation may decrease weight gain and relapse.
A randomized clinical trial of military beneficiaries compared a standard smoking cessation (i.e., brief informational) intervention (N = 159), with a brief motivational smoking cessation intervention that emphasized reduced drinking to lessen caloric intake and minimize weight gain (N = 158).
Participants who received the motivational intervention were significantly more likely to quit smoking at the 3-month follow-up (p = 0.02), but the differences were not maintained at 6 (p = 0.18) or 12 months (p = 0.16). Neither weight change nor alcohol reduction distinguished the 2 groups. Smoking cessation rates at 12 months (motivational group = 32.91%, informational group = 25.79%) were comparable to previous studies, but successful cessation was not mediated by reduced drinking.
Alcohol reduction combined with smoking cessation did not result in decreased weight gain or improved outcomes.
Sobell, M. B.,
Peterson, A. L.,
Sobell, L. C.,
Hunter, C. M.,
Hunter, C. M.,
Goodie, J. L.,
Hrysko-Mullen, A. S.,
Isler, W. C.
(2017). Reducing Alcohol Consumption to Minimize Weight Gain and Facilitate Smoking Cessation among Military Beneficiaries. Addictive Behaviors, 75, 145-151.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/1581