Faculty Articles

Title

The Relationship Between the ACTN3 Genotype and Measures of Stress, Exercise Performance, and Body Composition: A Pilot Trial

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-2017

Keywords

bone, cortisol, DXA, gene, strength

Publication Title

Journal of Exercise Physiologyonline

ISSN

1097-9751

Volume

20

Issue/No.

6

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the expression of the ACTN3 gene (RR homozygous or RX heterozygous) and measures of stress, performance (i.e., bench press strength and endurance), and body composition. Strength was determined via a 1-RM (onerepetition maximum) for the bench press, and muscular endurance was determined by the number of repetitions to failure that were performed on the bench press at 60% of 1-RM. Body composition was assessed via a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). One hundred and five subjects completed the study ([mean ± SEM]: body weight: R/- group: 73.8 ± 1.7 kg vs. XX group: 66.6 ± 2.8 kg). There were no significant differences between XX and R/- (carriers of ACTN3) for fat mass, lean body mass, % fat or body weight. However, R/- demonstrated significantly greater bone mineral content (mean ± SEM: R/- = 2951 ± 70 g, XX = 2622 ± 73 g) and density (R/- = 1.35 ± 0.02, XX = 1.28 ± 0.03 g/cm2 ). No differences were found for any of the other parameters. In exercise-trained individuals, carriers of the gene (R/-) demonstrated greater bone mineral content and density.

Peer Reviewed

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