College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Factors Influencing Condom Use Among African-American Women: Implications for Risk Reduction Interventions.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1998

Keywords

African American, Women, Condoms, Risk Reduction, HIV/AIDS

Publication Title

American Journal of Community

ISSN

0091-0562

Volume

26

Issue/No.

1

Abstract

Examined factors associated with condom use in a community-based sample of 423 sexually active African American women. Measures were selected to reflect the components in prevailing models of health behavior. Condom users were higher on AIDS health priority, prevention attitudes, stage of change, behavioral intentions, reported more frequent and comfortable sexual communication with partners, perceived greater partner and peer approval for condom use, and reported that peers also used condoms. Women in exclusive relationships evidenced earlier stage of change, lower intentions to use condoms, fewer peers who engaged in preventive behaviors, perceived themselves to have lower risk, and had lower rates of condom use, higher education, and family income. Women in fluid relationships were at particularly high risk, with lower rates of condom use relative to women not in a relationship and greater sexual risk for HIV. Implications for HIV-risk reduction interventions with African American women are discussed.

DOI

10.1023/A:1021877906707

Peer Reviewed

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