Journal of Physical Oceanography
A two-layer model of mid-oceanic thermocline is developed, and a comparison of the depth and temperature of the thermocline in this model is made with a root-mean-square description of the hydrographic structure of the North Atlantic. It is shown that the Sverdrup balance is maintained within the rms errors, and the entire estimated heat flux from the atmosphere is used to produce the observed density changes along the path of persistent flow.
Niiler, P. P.,
Simco, E. R.,
(1971). A Two-Layer Model of the North Atlantic Thermocline. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 1(4), 271-277.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/12