## Mathematics Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures

# Hankel Tournament and Special Oriented Graphs

## Event Name/Location

8th International Conference on Matrix Analysis and Applications, Reno, Nevada, July 15-18, 2019

## Presentation Date

7-2019

## Document Type

Conference Proceeding

## ORCID ID

0000-0001-7613-7191

## ResearcherID

G-7341-2019

## Description

A Hankel tournament *T* of order *n* (an *n *X *n* Hankel tournament matrix *T* = [*t _{ij}*]) is a tournament such that

*i*→

*j*and edge implies (

*n*+ 1 -

*j*) → (

*n*+ 1 -

*i*) is also an edge (

*t*=

_{ij}*t*

_{n+1-j};

_{n+1-i}) for all

*i*and

*j*. Hankel tournament matrices are (0,1)-matrices which are combinatorially antisymmetric about the main diagonal and symmetric about the Hankel diagonal (the antidiagonal). Locally transitive tournaments are tournaments such that the in-neighborhood and the out-neighborhood of each vertex are transitive. Tournaments form a special class of oriented graphs. The score vectors of Hankel tournaments and of locally transitive tournaments have been characterized where each score vector of a locally transitive tournament is also a score vector of a Hankel tournament. We continue investigations into Hankel tournaments and locally transitive tournaments. We investigate Hankel cycles in Hankel tournaments and show in particular that a strongly connected Hankel tournament contains a Hankel Hamilton cycle and, in fact, is Hankel "even-pancyclic" or Hankel "oddpancyclic". We show that a Hankel score vector can be achieved by a Hankel "half-transitive" tournament, extending the corresponding result for score vectors of tournaments. We also consider some results on oriented graphs and the question of attainability of prescribed degrees by oriented graphs. Finally, we extend some results on 2-tournaments to Hankel 2-tournaments.

## NSUWorks Citation

Cao, Lei and Brualdi, Richard, "Hankel Tournament and Special Oriented Graphs" (2019). *Mathematics Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures*. 405.

https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cnso_math_facpres/405

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