College of Psychology Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award

2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PhD)

Department

College of Psychology

First Advisor

William I. Dorfman

Second Advisor

Jennifer Davidtz

Third Advisor

Ryan Black

Keywords

drop-in centers, long term mental illness

Abstract

Drop-in centers for individuals with serious and persistent mental illness offer a unique and perhaps under-recognized environment option for adjunct treatment. The current study examines and evaluates components thought to be a part of an enriched drop-in center experience that contribute to positive member outcomes through the effects of empowerment. These components include self-help, peer support, and creative expression. Outcomes were evaluated based on quality of life, self-worth, and symptom reduction. Such data are necessary in promoting the growth and development of drop-in centers and identification of components that contribute to positive member outcomes. Participants (n=101) were administered a series of measures including The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, The Empowerment Scale, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, The World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF, The BASIS-32™, and a series of questions created for the purposes of the current study regarding creative expression and self-help. The psychometric properties of each measure were evaluated and reviewed. Additionally, mean differences between normative data and participant means were examined and demographic data were analyzed. It was hypothesized from the literature that self-help, peer support, and creative expression would have significant indirect effects on all of the proposed outcome variables through the effects of empowerment. Results revealed significant indirect relationships between peer support and all of the outcome variables through the effects of empowerment and between self-help and all of the outcome variables through the effects of empowerment. No significant relationships were found between creative expression and any of the outcome variables through the effects of empowerment. These findings suggest that peer support and self-help may be instrumental in achieving positive outcomes through the effects of empowerment. Centers that offer experiences to enhance self-help and peer support will subsequently enhance feelings of empowerment in members, which relates to higher levels of self-worth, higher levels of quality of life, and lower levels of psychiatric symptomatology. Further implications of such findings and suggestions for continuation of this research are discussed in detail.

Files over 10MB may be slow to open. For best results, right-click and select "Save as..."

Share Feedback

  Link to NovaCat

Included in

Psychology Commons

Share

COinS