College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Drug abuse prevention for high-risk African American children and their families: a review and model program.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1993

Keywords

African Americans, Child Behavior Disorders, Culture, Family, Parenting, Risk Factors, Substance-Related Disorders

Publication Title

Addictive Behaviors

ISSN

0306-4603

Volume

18

Issue/No.

2

Abstract

In this article we are specifically concerned with the familial and socioeconomic factors that contribute to the exceedingly high prevalence rates of drug abuse in African-American children. In addition to detailing the impact of drug abuse in African-American children and their families, we consider how this critical health problem can be prevented using existing knowledge and strategies known to mental health professionals. A model program entitled Project for a Substance Abuse-Free Environment (SAFE) is outlined. Its objectives are to implement: (a) a broad-spectrum family intervention to empower disadvantaged and high-risk families in their communities: (b) a competency-based skills intervention to increase resilience and decrease drug use and other maladaptive behaviors in at-risk children; (c) alternative activities that will promote self-efficacy, achievement, and self-esteem; (d) a culturally-relevant evaluation plan that includes both formative (process) and summative (outcome) evaluation; (e) a comprehensive approach for assessing project impact; (e) systematic procedures for enhancing the maintenance and generalization of gains in participating children and families.

DOI

10.1016/0306-4603(93)90051-A

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