College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Gender Issues in the Treatment of Abusers of Alcohol, Nicotine, and Other Drugs

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1992

Keywords

Adult, Alcoholism, Follow-Up Studies, Gender Identity, Psychotropic Drugs, Smoking Cessation, Substance-Related Disorders

Publication Title

Journal of Substance Abuse

ISSN

0899-3289

Volume

4

Issue/No.

2

Abstract

This review considers gender issues in the recent literature for alcohol, nicotine, and other psychoactive drug abuse and for each of the three drug types reports: (1) the ratio of men to women treated; (2) gender differences in treatment outcome; (3) whether the senior author's gender is related to the gender ratio of subjects in studies; and (4) the percentage of studies reporting methodological variables by gender (e.g., dropouts, outcome). No evidence for sex differences was obtained for any drug class. However, despite the recognized importance of gender as a treatment variable, the majority (72%) of studies failed to address gender differences in treatment outcome.

DOI

10.1016/0899-3289(92)90020-X