College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

An Examination of the Association Between Social Relationships and Depression in Early Adolescence

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1985

Keywords

Depression, Adolescent, Developmental Psychology, Child, Sociometric Techniques, Peer Group

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

ISSN

0193-3973

Volume

6

Issue/No.

4

Peer Reviewed

1

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between social relationships and depression in early adolescence. Subjects were 216 sixth and seventh graders. Depression was measured by the Children's Depression Inventory; social relationships were measured by three sociometric techniques (positive nominations, negative nominations, peer ratings) and estimates by the subject of the number of nominations and the rating (s)he received. The results indicated that depression was associated with pear and self-estimate negative nominations and ratings more than with peer and self-estimate positive nominations. A stepwise multiple regression predicting depression scores included two of the six predictors and accounted for 14% of the variance. The implications of the results for the assessment and treatment of depression are discussed.

DOI

10.1016/0193-3973(85)90003-6