The Detection of Malingered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder with MMPI-2 Fake Bad Indices
MMPI-2, Malingering, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Child Sexual Abuse
This investigation explored the effect of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) simulation on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) responses, to detect malingered from genuine PTSD. Sixty-four adult PTSD outpatients at a child sexual abuse (CSA) survivor treatment program were compared with 85 adult college students instructed and trained to malinger PTSD. MMPI-2 overreporting indices examined were F, F-Fb, F-K, F(p), Ds2, O-S, OT, and FBS. A stepwise discriminant analysis identified F(p), F-K, and O-S as the best malingering predictors. A predictive discriminant analysis yielded good hit rates for the model, with impressive cross-validation results. Cutoff scores were assessed for the model's predictors. Clinical implications for detecting malingered PTSD using the MMPI-2 are discussed.
Elhai, J. D.,
Gold, S. N.,
Sellers, A. H.,
Dorfman, W. I.
(2001). The Detection of Malingered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder with MMPI-2 Fake Bad Indices. Psychological Assessment, 8(2), 221-236.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/524