College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Postconcussion Syndrome Occurs in Children.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1997

Keywords

Brain Concussion, Cognition Disorders, Head Injuries, Neuropsychological Tests, Retrospective Studies, Retrospective Studies

Publication Title

Neuropsychology

ISSN

0894-4105

Volume

11

Issue/No.

3

Abstract

The consensus of evidence published since 1924 suggests that parents report attention deficits, hyperactivity, or conduct disorder after pediatric head injury rather than postconcussion syndrome. In this study, the symptoms reported by children after mild (n = 38) and moderate-severe (n = 27) head trauma were compared to those reported after orthopedic injury (n = 47) and to adults matched for injury severity and chronicity by using a structured interview based on diagnostic criteria for postconcussion syndrome. Pediatric head trauma caused significantly more subjective symptoms after 6 weeks than orthopedic injury. These symptoms were related to head injury severity and the child's anxiety level. When assessed in a similar manner, children report postconcussion syndrome similar to that seen in adults.

DOI

10.1037//0894-4105.11.3.447