Forms of Social Support that Moderate PTSD in Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors
Child Sexual Abuse, Social Support, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Journal of Family Violence
Although social support has been found to attenuate psychological symptoms in victims of sexual abuse, literature does not identify the speciﬁc forms of social support that mitigate maladjustment following a sexual abuse experience. This study sought to distinguish the speciﬁc types of perceived social support that buffer the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in victims of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). One hundred and seventy-two adult females reporting CSA were administered the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL) and the Impact of Events Scale (IES). The ISEL measures the perceived availability of 4 support types. The IES measures core PTSD symptoms of intrusion and avoidance. Regression analysis indicated that social support signiﬁcantly buffered PTSD development. The best model was one which contained self-esteem and appraisal support. Tangible and belonging support added little to prediction. Further, self-esteem support was identiﬁed as the most important variable in preventing PTSD development.
Hyman, S. M.,
Gold, S. N.,
Cott, M. A.
(2003). Forms of Social Support that Moderate PTSD in Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors. Journal of Family Violence, 18(5), 295-300.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/470