Relationships between Clinical Judgment, Self-Report and Breath Analysis Measures of Intoxication in Alcoholics
Alcoholic Intoxication, Alcoholism, Attitude of Health Personnel, Breath Tests, Ethanol, Self-Assessment
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Three studies comparing alcoholics' self-reports, observers' ratings, and breath-test determinations of alcohol intoxication found that (a) alcoholics' self-reports of their recent drinking were valid when they had not been drinking; (b) when they had been drinking, their self-reports were frequently invalid and underreported; (c) incidence of discrepant self-reports was not a function of level of intoxication; and (d) trained observers could identify only 50% to 67% of the subjects who were intoxicated but gave invalid self-reports. Breath analysis for blood alcohol concentration should be a mandatory component of alcohol treatment programs and alcohol treatment outcome evaluations.
Sobell, M. B.,
Sobell, L. C.,
(1979). Relationships between Clinical Judgment, Self-Report and Breath Analysis Measures of Intoxication in Alcoholics. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47(1), 204-206.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/39