College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Training Interactional Behaviors to Adults with Developmental Disabilities: A Systematic Replication and Extension

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 1991

Keywords

Descriptive Analysis; Social Skills; Interactional Behaviors; Developmental Disabilities

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

ISSN

0021-8855

Volume

24

Issue/No.

1

Abstract

This study was a replication and extension of research by Foxx, McMorrow, Bittle, and Ness (1986) that assessed generalization effects of a social skills training program on the interactional behavior of adults with developmental disabilities. Target skills were a verbal action or reaction in six skill areas that specifically addressed the participants' skill deficits. In the present study, we trained 5 adult residents of a group home across these six skill areas using the “Sorry” game format and the scoring criteria described by Foxx et al. We extended the results of Foxx et al. by (a) using pretreatment assessment procedures to identify participants' specific skill deficits, (b) training all residents in the natural environment, (c) training participant—participant interactions, (d) training participants to respond to four of the six skill areas through the use of a role-play procedure, and (e) omitting rewards, criterion levels, and self-monitoring. Additionally, the trainer in the present study modeled correct responses only as an error correction procedure during training. Similar to those of Foxx et al., our results indicated that all participants increased their use of the trained interactional behaviors during the generalization assessments in the presence of other trained peers.

DOI

10.1901/jaba.1991.24-167