Increasing Social Interactions in Deaf-Blind Severely Handicapped Young Adults
Reinforcement (Psychology), Interpersonal Relations, Behavior Therapy Methods, Deafness, Blindness, Rehabilitation, Disabled Persons
The effectiveness of prompting and positive reinforcement for increasing on-task behavior and social interactions in two deaf-blind severely handicapped young adults was examined. Treatment was conducted in a leisure setting in which subjects participated in games requiring social interchange. On-task behavior was initially targeted and treatment efficacy evaluated with a withdrawal design. After demonstration of experimental control, treatment was then implemented with social interactions in a multiple baseline design. Results showed increased percentages of on-task social interactions for both subjects with introduction of treatment. In addition, rates of non-targeted self-stimulatory responses were observed to decrease concurrently with treatment for target behaviors. Results are discussed in terms of the utility of behavioral strategies with deaf-blind persons and the importance of improved social performance in these individuals.
Van Hasselt, V. B.,
Egan, B. S.,
Mckelvey, J. L.,
Sisson, L. A.
(1989). Increasing Social Interactions in Deaf-Blind Severely Handicapped Young Adults. Behavior Modification, 13(2), 257-272.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/173