Title of Project

Effect of Ginkgo Biloba on Short-Term Memory

Researcher Information

Tommy Gaertner

Project Type


Start Date

30-3-2007 12:00 AM

End Date

30-3-2007 12:00 AM

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Mar 30th, 12:00 AM Mar 30th, 12:00 AM

Effect of Ginkgo Biloba on Short-Term Memory

Ginkgo biloba has been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine to improve vascular and cognitive functioning. Ginkgo biloba is widely prescribed for the prevention and treatment of dementia in Europe. In addition to having a direct effect on cognitive functions of live laboratory mice, the extract of Ginkgo biloba also increases production of a neurological chemical responsible for enhancing cognitive performance. However, many scientists have pointed out these results are based upon limited research and have expressed the need for additional studies. This study will investigate short-term effects of Ginkgo biloba on healthy individuals. If Ginkgo biloba can prevent cognitive degeneration in patients with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, then the botanical medicine may be helpful in boosting short-term memory performance in healthy individuals. This research will utilize a double-blind trial divided into three separate timed memory tests. Participants will be randomly assigned to a Ginkgo or placebo group before each trial and will then take a short quiz. The first two memory tests are based on visual-symbolic memory and the third test on verbal memory. Results will be based on individual performance across all three trials. Statistical analysis of results will reveal what effect, if any, Ginkgo biloba has on short-term memory. If the results are significant and beneficial effects of Gingko biloba on cognitive function are detected then taking this natural supplement would increase memory recall of required course material for college students. This would be an important result and should lead to increased student performance