Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Books and Book Chapters

Book Title

Oceanography and Marine Biology


Amelia E.H. Bridges, University of Plymouth
Kerry L. Howell, University of Plymouth
Teresa Amaro, University of Aveiro
Lara Atkinson, South African Environmental Observation Network; University of Cape Town
David K. A. Barnes, NERC
Narissa Bax, South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute (SAERI); University of Tasmania
James B. Bell, Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas); University of East Anglia
Angelo F. Bernardino, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo
Lydia Beuck, Senckenberg am Meer
Andreia Braga-Henriques, Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação (ARDITI); Government of the Azores
Angelika Brandt, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum; Goethe University Frankfurt
María E. Bravo, Universidad de Buenos Aires
Saskia Brix, German Center for Marine Biodiversity Research (DZMB)
Stanley Butt, University of Plymouth
Alvar Carranza, Centro Universitario Regional del Este (CURE); Museo Nacional de Historia Natural
Brenda L. Doti, Instituto de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental y Aplicada (IBBEA, CONICET-UBA); Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (FCEN, UBA)
Isa O. Elegbede, Germany and Lagos State University
Patricia Esquete, University of Aveiro
André Freiwald, Senckenberg am Meer
Sylvie M. Gaudron, Université de Lille; Sorbonne Université
Maila Guilhon, Universidade de São Paulo; Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies
Dierk Hebbeln, University of Bremen
Tammy Horton, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Paulus Kainge, National Marine Information and Research Center (NatMIRC)
Stefanie Kaiser, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum; University of Łódź
Daniel Lauretta, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia” (MACN, CONICET)
Pablo Limongi, Centro Universitario Regional del Este (CURE); Museo Nacional de Historia Natural
Kirsty A. McQuaid, University of Plymouth; South African National Biodiversity Institute
Rosanna J. Milligan, Nova Southeastern UniversityFollow
Patricia Miloslavich, University of Delaware; Universidad Simón Bolívar
Bhavani E. Narayanaswamy, Scottish Association for Marine Science
Covadonga Orejas, Instituto Español de Oceanografía; Hanse-Wissenschaftskollege - Institute for Advanced Study
Sarah Paulus, National Marine Information and Research Center (NatMIRC)
Tabitha R. R. Pearman, South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute (SAERI)
Jose Angel A. Perez, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí
Rebecca E. Ross, Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen
Hanieh Saeedi, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Mauricio Shimabukuro, Nelson Mandela University
Kerry Sink, South African National Biodiversity Institute; Nelson Mandela University
Angela Stevenson, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
Michelle Taylor, University of Essex
Jürgen Titschack, Universidade de São Paulo
Rui P. Vieira, Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas); University of East Anglia
Beatriz Vinha, Università del Salento
Claudia Wienberg, University of Bremen



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Document Type

Book Chapter


S. J. Hawkins, B.D. Russell, P. A. Todd


128 129The Central and South Atlantic represents a vast ocean area and is home to a diverse range of ecosystems and species. Nevertheless, and similar to the rest of the global south, the area is comparatively understudied yet exposed to increasing levels of multisectoral pressures. To counteract this, the level of scientific exploration in the Central and South Atlantic has increased in recent years and will likely continue to do so within the context of the United Nations (UN) Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. Here, we compile the literature to investigate the distribution of previous scientific exploration of offshore (30 m+) ecosystems in the Central and South Atlantic, both within and beyond national jurisdiction, allowing us to synthesise overall patterns of biodiversity. Furthermore, through the lens of sustainable management, we have reviewed the existing anthropogenic activities and associated management measures relevant to the region. Through this exercise, we have identified key knowledge gaps and undersampled regions that represent priority areas for future research and commented on how these may be best incorporated into, or enhanced through, future management measures such as those in discussion at the UN Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction negotiations. This review represents a comprehensive summary for scientists and managers alike looking to understand the key topographical, biological, and legislative features of the Central and South Atlantic.



Publication Date



Taylor & Francis


Atlantic deep sea, Benthic ecology, Marine spatial planning, Biodiversity patterns, Gap analysis, Area-based management


Marine Biology


This paper is an output of the UN Ocean Decade endorsed Challenger 150 Programme (#57). Challenger 150 is supported by the Deep Ocean Stewardship Initiative (DOSI) and the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research’s (SCOR) working group 159 (NSF Grant OCE-1840868) for which KLH is co-chair. AEHB, KLH, KAM, SBu, and KS are supported by the UKRI funded One Ocean Hub NE/S008950/1. TA is supported by the BiodivRestore ERA-NET Cofund (GA N°101003777) with the EU and the following funding organisations: FCT, RFCT, AEI, DFG, and ANR. TA also acknowledges financial support to CESAM by FCT/MCTES (UIDP/50017/2020+UIDB/50017/2020+ LA/P/0094/2020) through national funds. NB is supported by the John Ellerman Foundation. AB is supported by the German Research Foundation. DH, CO, AFB, LA, SBr, and KS received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 818123 (iAtlantic); this output reflects only the author’s view and the European Union cannot be held responsible for any use that may be made of the informa-tion contained therein. DH, AF, JT, and CW were additionally supported through the Cluster of Excellence “The Ocean Floor – Earth’s Uncharted Interface” (EXC-2077 – 390741603 by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft). CO also extends thanks to the HWK – Institute for Advanced Study, and PM to Dr. Alberto Martín, retired professor of Universidad Simón Bolívar in Caracas, Venezuela for facilitating references used in the Venezuela section.

The funder for this chapter University of Plymouth

© S. J. Hawkins, P. A. Todd, B. D. Russell, A. J. Lemasson, A. L. Allcock, M. Byrne, L. B. Firth, C. H. Lucas, E. M. Marzinelli, P. J. Mumby, J. Sharples, I. P. Smith, and S. E. Swearer, EditorsTaylor & Francis





Review of the Central and South Atlantic Shelf and Deep-Sea Benthos: Science, Policy, and Management
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