Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Title

Structural rRNA Characters Support Monophyly of Raptorial Limbs and Paraphyly of Limb Specialization in Water Fleas

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-7-2003

Publication Title

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

Keywords

Arthropod limb evolution, Molecular morphometrics, rRNA secondary structure, Phylogeny

ISSN

0962-8452

Volume

270

Issue/No.

1518

First Page

887

Last Page

896

Abstract

The evolutionary success of arthropods has been attributed partly to the diversity of their limb morphologies. Large morphological diversity and increased specialization are observed in water flea (Cladocera) limbs, but it is unclear whether the increased limb specialization in different cladoceran orders is the result of shared ancestry or parallel evolution. We inferred a robust among–order cladoceran phylogeny using small–subunit and large–subunit rRNA nuclear gene sequences, signature sequence regions, novel stem–loops and secondary structure morphometrics to assess the phylogenetic distribution of limb specialization. The sequence–based and structural rRNA morphometric phylogenies were congruent and suggested monophyly of orders with raptorial limbs, but paraphyly of orders with reduced numbers of specialized limbs. These results highlight the utility of complex molecular structural characters in resolving ancient rapid radiations.

Comments

©2003 The Royal Society

ORCID ID

0000-0002-6485-6823

ResearcherID

M-7702-2013

DOI

10.1098/rspb.2002.2297

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Peer Reviewed

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