Title

Sponge Biodiversity of the Jason Islands and Stanley, Falkland Islands with Descriptions of Twelve New Species

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2011

Publication Title

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

Keywords

Sponge, Falkland Islands, Biogeography, Scuba diving, Taxonomy

ISSN

0025-3154

Volume

91

Issue/No.

2

First Page

275

Last Page

301

Abstract

Sponge samples were taken by SCUBA diving from four sites around Stanley and nine sites at the Jason Islands in the Falkland Islands. Twelve new species are described: Iophon pictoni sp. nov., Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) jasonensis sp. nov., Phorbas ferrugineus sp. nov., Phorbas shackletoni sp. nov., Myxilla (Styloptilon) acanthotornota sp. nov., Amphilectus fleecei sp. nov., Amphilectus dactylus sp. nov., Mycale (Aegogropila) nodulosa sp. nov., Scopalina erubescens sp. nov., Scopalina bunkeri sp. nov., Amphimedon calyx sp. nov. and Pachychalina erinacea sp. nov. Information is also provided on the distribution and external appearance of other sponge species: Iophon proximum Ridley, 1881, Clathria (Dendrocia) tuberculata Burton, 1934, Tedania (Tedania) mucosa Thiele, 1905, Tedania (Tedania) murdochi Topsent, 1915, Halichondria (Eumastia) attenuata Topsent, 1915, Siphonochalina fortis Ridley, 1881 and Haliclona (Soestella) chilensis Thiele, 1905. The biogeography of the Falklands' sponge fauna is discussed.

Comments

©Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2011

Additional Comments

Overseas Territories Environment Programme grant #: FK501

ORCID ID

0000-0003-0934-3256

DOI

0000-0003-0934-3256

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