Diel Flux of Dissolved Carbohydrate in a Salt Marsh and a Simulated Estuarine Ecosystem
The concentrations of total dissolved carbohydrate (TCHO), monosaccharide (MCHO) and polysaccharide (PCHO) were followed over a total of ten diel cycles in a salt marsh and a 13 m3seawater tank simulating an estuarine ecosystem. Their patterns are compared to those for total dissolved organic carbon (DOC), ΣCO2, pH, O2, chlorophyll a, phaeopigments and solar radiation. During 5 of the 6 marsh studies, PCHO underwent periods of sustained accumulation starting in the late morning or early afternoon and continuing into the early evening. These periods possibly represent release of recently synthesized PCHO from phototrophs. similar patterns were not found in the tank although direct associations between TCHO and phaeopigment dynamics suggest that zooplankton excretion was an important source of dissolved carbohydrate. The numbers of planktonic bacteria determined in one tank study increased rapidly during a late morning PCHO pulse and varied inversely with PCHO throughout the afternoon and evening, indicating that they were able to respond rapidly and control natural substrate concentrations on a time scale of a few hours. MCHO fluctuated to a much lesser extent than PCHO at both locations with levels possibly maintained near the bacterial uptake threshold or in a closely regulated steady state. TCHO concentration changes over 2-to 3-h sampling intervals suggest very rapid net system release and uptake with summer rates frequently exceeding 30 μg C l-1h-1 in the marsh and 20 μg C l-1 h-1 in the tank.
Curtis M. Burney, Kenneth M. Johnson, and John McN. Sieburth. 1981. Diel Flux of Dissolved Carbohydrate in a Salt Marsh and a Simulated Estuarine Ecosystem .Marine Biology , (2) : 175 -187. https://nsuworks.nova.edu/occ_facarticles/640.