Measured and Predicted Acute Toxicity of Phenanthrene and MC252 Crude Oil to Vertically Migrating Deep-Sea Crustaceans
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Phenanthrene, Oil, Toxicity, Deep-sea, Target lipid model
Deep-water column micronekton play a key role in oceanic food webs and represent an important trophic link between deep- and shallow-water ecosystems. Thus, the potential impacts of sub-surface hydrocarbon plumes on these organisms are critical to developing a more complete understanding of ocean-wide effects resulting from deep-sea oil spills. This work was designed to advance the understanding of hydrocarbon toxicity in several ecologically important deep-sea micronekton species using controlled laboratory exposures aimed at determining lethal threshold exposure levels. The current study confirmed the results previously determined for five deep-sea micronekton by measuring lethal threshold levels for phenanthrene between 81.2 and 277.5 μg/L. These results were used to calibrate the target lipid model and to calculate a critical target lipid body burden for each species. In addition, an oil solubility model was used to predict the acute toxicity of MC252 crude oil to vertically migrating crustaceans, Janicella spinacauda and Euphausiidae spp., and to compare the predictions with results of a 48-h constant exposure toxicity test with passive-dosing. Results confirmed that the tested deep-sea micronekton appear more sensitive than many other organisms when exposed to dissolved oil, but baseline stress complicated interpretation of results.
Nick Turner, Gopal Bera, Dorothy-Ellen A. Renegar, Tamara Frank, Bernhard Riegl, Jose Sericano, Stephen Sweet, and Anthony H. Knap. 2020. Measured and Predicted Acute Toxicity of Phenanthrene and MC252 Crude Oil to Vertically Migrating Deep-Sea Crustaceans .Environmental Science and Pollution Research . https://nsuworks.nova.edu/occ_facarticles/1122.