•  
  •  
 

Abstract

Purpose: We examined three-month recovery from common negative effects of COVID-19 infection on select physical, functional, and psychosocial parameters among infected individuals and their implications for rehabilitation programs. Methods: Twenty-one subjects participated in this study. Four standardized questionnaires were used to assess dyspnea, physical, and psychosocial variables in this study. The post-test survey was conducted 90 days following the pre-test survey. Wilcoxon-Signed Rank test and paired t-test were used to compare the variables data between pre- and post-testing time points. Results: Dyspnea scores decreased from (pre: 2 vs post:1, Z=-3.276, p=0.001, r=.50). Work performance scores increased from (pre: 42 ±25 vs post: 57 ±21, t(20) =-2.868, p=0.010, r=.62). Social functioning increased from (pre: 44 ±27 vs post: 60 ±24, t(20) =-3.525, p=0.002, r=.76) and pain scores from (pre: 42 ±30 vs post: 53 ±25, t(20) =-2.134, p=0.045, r=.46) also increased across the 90 days. Conclusions: Long-term symptoms after COVID-19 infection include ongoing physical, functional, and psychosocial deficits. While dyspnea decreased and work performance and social functioning increased, we observed a concomitant increase in pain scores over the 90-day measurement period. Long-term multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs should be designed to address the ongoing deficits among this population.

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.