Purpose: We examined three-month recovery from common negative effects of COVID-19 infection on select physical, functional, and psychosocial parameters among infected individuals and their implications for rehabilitation programs. Methods: Twenty-one subjects participated in this study. Four standardized questionnaires were used to assess dyspnea, physical, and psychosocial variables in this study. The post-test survey was conducted 90 days following the pre-test survey. Wilcoxon-Signed Rank test and paired t-test were used to compare the variables data between pre- and post-testing time points. Results: Dyspnea scores decreased from (pre: 2 vs post:1, Z=-3.276, p=0.001, r=.50). Work performance scores increased from (pre: 42 ±25 vs post: 57 ±21, t(20) =-2.868, p=0.010, r=.62). Social functioning increased from (pre: 44 ±27 vs post: 60 ±24, t(20) =-3.525, p=0.002, r=.76) and pain scores from (pre: 42 ±30 vs post: 53 ±25, t(20) =-2.134, p=0.045, r=.46) also increased across the 90 days. Conclusions: Long-term symptoms after COVID-19 infection include ongoing physical, functional, and psychosocial deficits. While dyspnea decreased and work performance and social functioning increased, we observed a concomitant increase in pain scores over the 90-day measurement period. Long-term multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs should be designed to address the ongoing deficits among this population.
Aslan, Hussain I.; Butcher, Scotty J. PhD; Marciniuk, Darcy D. MD; and Tomczak, Corey R. PhD
"Three-month recovery from common negative physical, functional, and psychosocial effects among individuals infected with COVID-19: a single observational group repeated measure study,"
NeuroSports: Vol. 2:
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/neurosports/vol2/iss1/2