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Abstract

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the multifaceted impacts of post-acute phase of COVID-19 infection on the sense of dyspnea, select intensities of physical activity, functional, and psychological variables among survivors compared to age matched healthy participants and their implications for rehabilitation programs in this population.

Methods: Seventy-eight (male, female age 30-70 yrs.) participants (39 COVID-infected, CI and 39 age-matched healthy controls, HC). Four questionnaires were used to assess the variables in this study: dyspnea scale of the Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC), International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), and the RAND-36 measure of health-related quality of life. A Mann Whitney test was used to compare the variables data between HC and CI.

Results: Dyspnea scores in CI group were significantly higher than in HC group (mean = 1.77 vs 0.13). Scores of IPAQ, FSQ and RAND-36 HRQoL questionnaires were also significantly lower in CI than in HC group. However, sitting and walking activity scores of IPAQ were not significantly different between both groups.

Conclusions: The results of the CI group were significantly different than the HC group in all parameters (except sitting and walking components of the IPAQ) of the questionnaires used in this study. Our findings provide the multi-disciplinary rehabilitation professionals the opportunity to tailor their interventions to meet the specific needs of COVID-19 survivors.

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