Presentation Title

Assessment of Need for Access and Affordability of Medication in an Underserved Population in Ghana.

Speaker Credentials

P4

Speaker Credentials

MS

College

College of Pharmacy

Location

Nova Southeastern University, Davie, Florida, USA

Format

Poster

Start Date

16-2-2018 12:15 PM

End Date

16-2-2018 1:15 PM

Abstract

Background: Subsidized medication programs for disadvantaged communities in Ghana are either unreliable or non-existent. Due to a high cost of medicines, low-income earners have higher rates of non-adherence to medication therapy, resulting in poor health outcomes. There is a perceived need for access to medications in rural communities of Ghana. Objective: This study sought to identify community needs relating to cost and availability of essential medications. Methods: Randomly selected community members of Ejisu, Ghana, were surveyed on their income levels, access to essential medicines and opinions on affordability of medicines. Pharmacists surveyed provided input on developing a community-based drug formulary and factors influencing medication adherence. Quantitative data analyses was performed using descriptive statistics. Results: Among 201 community respondents, 70% were female and 63% were between the ages of 18 and 40. Approximately 62% reported either primary or junior high school as the highest educational level attained, whereas 20% had no formal education. The monthly household income level reported by 61% of respondents was less than100 cedis ($25) a month. While 14% reported that they could only afford to purchase daily quantities of medication, 86% admitted that discounts would make medications affordable. Of 85 pharmacists surveyed, 94% identified a need for a community-based drug formulary for hypertension, diabetes and malaria. Approximately 95% of them agreed that subsidized medications would improve adherence. Conclusion: The study findings justify a need for strategies to enhance affordability and access to improve adherence and health outcomes in Ejisu, Ghana.

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Feb 16th, 12:15 PM Feb 16th, 1:15 PM

Assessment of Need for Access and Affordability of Medication in an Underserved Population in Ghana.

Nova Southeastern University, Davie, Florida, USA

Background: Subsidized medication programs for disadvantaged communities in Ghana are either unreliable or non-existent. Due to a high cost of medicines, low-income earners have higher rates of non-adherence to medication therapy, resulting in poor health outcomes. There is a perceived need for access to medications in rural communities of Ghana. Objective: This study sought to identify community needs relating to cost and availability of essential medications. Methods: Randomly selected community members of Ejisu, Ghana, were surveyed on their income levels, access to essential medicines and opinions on affordability of medicines. Pharmacists surveyed provided input on developing a community-based drug formulary and factors influencing medication adherence. Quantitative data analyses was performed using descriptive statistics. Results: Among 201 community respondents, 70% were female and 63% were between the ages of 18 and 40. Approximately 62% reported either primary or junior high school as the highest educational level attained, whereas 20% had no formal education. The monthly household income level reported by 61% of respondents was less than100 cedis ($25) a month. While 14% reported that they could only afford to purchase daily quantities of medication, 86% admitted that discounts would make medications affordable. Of 85 pharmacists surveyed, 94% identified a need for a community-based drug formulary for hypertension, diabetes and malaria. Approximately 95% of them agreed that subsidized medications would improve adherence. Conclusion: The study findings justify a need for strategies to enhance affordability and access to improve adherence and health outcomes in Ejisu, Ghana.