Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Physical Therapy

Copyright Statement

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of Nova Southeastern University. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Department

College of Health Care Sciences - Physical Therapy Department

First Advisor

Madeleine A Hellman

Publication Date / Copyright Date

2017

Publisher

Nova Southeastern University

Abstract

The Efficacy of Kinesio Taping as an Adjunct Intervention to Traditional Physical Therapy in the Treatment of Nonspecific Acute Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Background: Acute low back pain (LBP) is a significant health problem worldwide and is one of the leading causes of disability. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Kinesio Taping (KT) on disability, fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain intensity in patients with acute, nonspecific LBP. Research Design and Methods: A prospective, randomized controlled study of consecutive patients referred to physical therapy with a primary complaint of LBP. Seventy-eight patients with acute, nonspecific LBP were randomized to an experimental group that received traditional physical therapy plus KT and a control group that received traditional physical therapy alone. Interventions were administered twice a week for 4 weeks. Assessment tools used were Ronald Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) for disability, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) for fear-avoidance beliefs, and Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) for pain intensity. Assessments were conducted at baseline, end of week 1, end of week 2, end of week 3, and end of week 4. Analysis: Repeated measures mixed model analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to examine the effect of treatment on each variable. The group type was the between-subjects variable and the time was the within-subjects variable. A significance level of .05 was used in the analyses. Results: Both groups showed statistically significant lower disability, fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain levels over time compared with baseline scores (p < .0001). The experimental group showed statistically significant lower RMDQ scores at week 2, 3, and 4 (p < .05), statistically significant lower FABQ-physical activity subscale scores at the end of week 1 (p < .01), at the end of week 2 (p < .01), at the end of week 3 (p < .01), and at the end of week 4 (p < .05), statistically significant lower FABQ-work subscale scores at week 3 (p < .05) and week 4 (p < .01), and statistically significant lower NPRS scores at week 1, 2, 3, and 4 (p < .05). Conclusion: Kinesio Taping can be considered a useful adjunct intervention to reduce disability and pain and to modulate fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with acute, nonspecific LBP.

Disciplines

Physical Therapy

Keywords

Health and environmental sciences, Acute low back pain, Exercises, Kinesio taping, Manual therapy, Nonspecific low back pain, Physical therapy

Share

 
COinS