Thesis - NSU Access Only
Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)
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College of Health Care Sciences - Physical Therapy Department
Publication Date / Copyright Date
Nova Southeastern University
Karen Consolo. 1998. Effects of Specific Ballet Dance Exercises on the Balance Abilities of Healthy Older Adults. Master's thesis. Nova Southeastern University. Retrieved from NSUWorks, College of Health Care Sciences - Physical Therapy Department. (104)
Purpose: This study was designed to determine if specific ballet exercises are effective in increasing the balance abilities of healthy older adults.
Subjects: This study involved a sample of convenience consisting of five volunteers, aged 54-56 all of whom live independently in the Miami-Dade community in Florida.
Methodology: The subjects were first given a pre-test which consisted of the Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction and Balance (CTSIB) developed by Shumway-Cook and Horak. Then, they were given a month long exercise intervention consisting of 4 ballet exercises. The CTSIB was, again, utilized as the post-test. A t-test was performed comparing the pre- and post-test average scores and comparing the pre- and post-test scores of each individual condition.
Results: In this study specific ballet dance techniques were shown to improve older individual's performance on the CTSIB. Small difference, if any, were found in conditions utilizing a firm standing surface. Statistically significant differences were found when comparing pre- and post-tests of conditions utilizing a foam standing surface and altered visual input.
Conclusions: By incorporating ballet techniques into therapeutic programs, physical therapists may help patients to increase their balance abilities.