Title

Bilingual Long-Term Working Memory: The Effects of Working Memory Loads on Writing Quality and Fluency

ISBN or ISSN

0142-7164

Volume

22

Issue

1

Publication Date / Copyright Date

3-2001

First Page

113

Last Page

128

Publisher

Cambridge University Press

DOI Number

10.1017/S0142716401001060

Abstract

In Experiment 1, 42 multilinguals were able to maintain native language writing quality and fluency in the presence of unattended irrelevant speech while maintaining a concurrent 6-digit memory load. In Experiment 2, 80 bilinguals reduced fluency during writing with the 6-digit load only. In previous research, over 100 monolinguals of comparable verbal and nonverbal skills in three experiments reduced quality and fluency under both secondary tasks (Ransdell, Levy, & Kellogg, 1996). The results are interpreted in terms of a bilingual skill advantage in suppressing irrelevant information. Possessing fluency in another language may confer long-term working memory benefits during dual-task language conditions for bilinguals and even more so for multilinguals.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Keywords

Bilingualism, Cognitive Processes, Language Fluency, Memory, Multilingualism, Writing Skills

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