Title

The Effects of Background Music on Word Processed Writing

ISBN or ISSN

0747-5632

Volume

17

Issue

2

Publication Date / Copyright Date

3-2001

First Page

141

Last Page

148

Publisher

Pergamon Press

DOI Number

10.1016/S0747-5632(00)00043-1

Abstract

College students often listen to music while they use a computer. This experiment investigated whether background music disrupts their ability to word process fluently and effectively. Forty-five psychology undergraduates wrote brief expository essays. Background music significantly disrupted writing fluency (words generated per minute controlling for typing speed and including those words deleted before the final draft) even though no response to the music was required. Those with some musical training and high working memory span wrote better essays with longer sentences and were also more likely to pause at clause boundaries. Even unattended music places heavy demands on working memory and disrupts word processed writing.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Keywords

Word Processed Writing, Working Memory, Writing Fluency, Background Music

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