Homologous and lysophosphatidic acid-induced desensitization of the atrial natriuretic peptide receptor, guanylyl cyclase-A, in MA-10 leydig cells
The cardiac hormone atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) signals via interaction with a plasma membrane receptor, which has guanylyl cyclase (GC) activity and is referred to as GC-A. Desensitization of GC-A is thought to represent a physiologically important regulatory mechanism, but the signaling pathways implicated and cell type-specific effects are still poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that sustained exposure to either ANP itself or the bioactive lipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) elicits GC-A desensitization in MA-10 Leydig cells. Both reactions show similar kinetics and evoke equal decreases (by 40%) in GC-A hormone responsiveness. Homologous (ANP induced) desensitization, in which cGMP is generated as second messenger, is blocked by distinct cAMP-dependent protein kinase [protein kinase A (PKA)] inhibitors, H 89, and Rp-8-CPT-cAMPs, providing evidence that PKA mediates the reaction. Accordingly, the ANP/cGMP-elicited effects are mimicked by a cAMP analog, 8-bromo-cAMP. The LPA-induced (heterologous) desensitization is not blocked by PKA inhibition, indicating a different signaling pathway. LPA, but not ANP, enhances ERK phosphorylation and induces cell rounding together with a dramatic reorganization of actin filaments. Consistent with the identification of LPA receptor (LPA2 and LPA3) gene expression, the findings are indicative of LPA receptor-mediated reactions. This study demonstrates for the first time coexistence of homologous and heterologous desensitization of GC-A in the same cell type, reveals that these reactions are mediated by different pathways, and identifies a novel cross talk between phospholipid and natriuretic peptide signaling. The morphoregulatory activities exerted by LPA suggest a crucial role for Leydig cell physiology.
Müller, Dieter; Cortes-Dericks, Lourdes; Budnik, Lygia T.; Brunswig-Spickenheier, Bärbel; Pancratius, Maria; Speth, Robert C.; Mukhopadhyay, Amal K.; and Middendorff, Ralf, "Homologous and lysophosphatidic acid-induced desensitization of the atrial natriuretic peptide receptor, guanylyl cyclase-A, in MA-10 leydig cells" (2006). HPD Articles. 79.
Copyright © 2006 by the Endocrine Society