Identification of a novel non-AT1, non-AT2 angiotensin binding site in the rat brain
Efforts to protect radiolabeled angiotensins from metabolism during receptor binding assays date back more than 30 years. However, this continues to be a problem. This study focused on the effects of a protease inhibitor, p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB), on the binding of (125)I-Ang II to rat brain membranes. Addition of PCMB to the incubation medium revealed a high affinity binding site for (125)I-Ang II in brain membranes (K(d)=1-4 nM) with a greater amount of binding than revealed in previous studies of brain Ang II receptors. Further characterization of this binding, revealed it to be insensitive to inhibition by losartan (an AT(1) receptor antagonist) and PD123319 (an AT(2) receptor antagonist). This non-AT1, non-AT2 binding site was not present in liver or adrenal membranes. It was activated by a limited range of concentrations of PCMB, with maximal activation at 0.3-1 mM. This binding site was equally abundant in cerebral cortex (a brain region with few Ang II receptors) and the hypothalamus (a brain region with abundant Ang II receptors). The binding site was also present in mouse brain, but not mouse liver. The binding site shows high affinity for Ang I, Ang II and Ang III (K(i) approximately 40-100 nM), but lesser affinity for smaller angiotensin fragments and other neuropeptides. This binding site shares some characteristics with the liver cytosolic Ang II binding proteins, later identified as endopeptidases EC 22.214.171.124 and/or EC 126.96.36.199. However, some unique characteristics of this non-AT1, non-AT2 binding site suggest that it may be a novel angiotensin binding substance.
Karamyan, Vardan T. and Speth, Robert C., "Identification of a novel non-AT1, non-AT2 angiotensin binding site in the rat brain" (2007). HPD Articles. 72.
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