gynecology and obstetrics, ovarian cancer screening, risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, barriers to care, ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of female cancer-related deaths, but patients continue to be diagnosed late. This subjects them to disease progression and possible death due to lack of early detection, despite earlier stage detection improving survival rates by significant percentages. Early detection and access to care are closely related. However, many barriers to high-quality care exist for patients and the majority of patients do not receive recommended care according to ovarian cancer treatment guidelines. In order to improve care for ovarian cancer patients and decrease healthcare disparities in accessing equitable care, it is important to acknowledge the current gaps in patient knowledge, healthcare availability, and physician practice. This scoping review explores the available evidence on ovarian cancer to identify these barriers to care in the effective treatment of ovarian cancer. Using both inclusion and exclusion criteria, results from the initial literature search were screened by the authors. After quality assessment and screening for relevance, 10 articles were included in the final review. The following themes emerged as barriers to care: hospital and physician-patient volumes, geographic distance from care facilities, patient and physician education, and demographic factors. Many patients were found to not receive guideline adherent care due to various barriers to care, whereas guideline adherent care was independently associated with factors such as patient proximity to a high-volume hospital, White race, and higher socioeconomic status. Several areas were identified as potential for increased patient and physician education, including treatment complications and patient resources. The evidence found that certain socioeconomic groups and racial minorities are often at higher risk for guideline non-adherent care. Additionally, the evidence showed a further need for physicians and healthcare providers to be provided with resources for post-cancer treatment, follow-up, and patient education. The findings of this review will provide health experts and patients with better insight into what barriers may exist so that guideline-adherent care can be better advocated for and met.
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Rizvi, Zehra; Sharma, Kiran C.; Kunder, Viktor; and Abreu, Adrian, "Barriers of Care to Ovarian Cancer: A Scoping Review." (2023). HPD Articles. 270.
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