pathogenesis, treatment, paradoxical, tnf-a inhibitor, psoriasis
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors have been shown to be well tolerated among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis. Meanwhile, more recently, clinical practice and research efforts have uncovered increasing cases of psoriatic lesion development tied to initiating treatment with a TNF-α inhibitor. The underlying mechanisms associated with this occurrence have yet to be fully elucidated. A review and analysis of cases of paradoxical psoriasis currently published in the literature is warranted. In addition, exploring possible mechanisms of action and potential treatment options associated with favorable outcomes is much needed. A systematic literature review was performed utilizing PubMed and Google Scholar databases (1992-present), in which 106 cases of paradoxical psoriasis were reviewed. The most common morphology developed was plaque psoriasis vulgaris. There was a female predominance (61.3%), and the most common underlying autoimmune disease was rheumatoid arthritis (45.3%). In addition, the most commonly associated drug with the onset of psoriatic lesions was infliximab (62.3%). Furthermore, the findings suggest that the most well-supported mechanism of action involves the uncontrolled release of interferon-alpha (IFN-α) from plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) after TNF-α inhibition. While TNF-α inhibitors have been shown to have great benefits to patients with rheumatologic diseases, cases of paradoxical psoriasis demonstrate the importance of close monitoring of patients on TNF-α inhibitors to allow for early recognition, treatment, and potentially change to a different mechanism of action of the medication used to prevent further progression of the inflammatory lesions.
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Chokshi, Aditi; Demory Beckler, Michelle; Laloo, Anita; and Kesselman, Marc M., "Paradoxical Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF-α) Inhibitor-Induced Psoriasis: A Systematic Review of Pathogenesis, Clinical Presentation, and Treatment." (2023). HPD Articles. 269.
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