Faculty Articles

Title

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Heart Failure Self-Management Kits for Outpatient Transitions of Care

ISBN or ISSN

0888-5109

Publication Title

The Consultative Pharmacist

Volume

33

Issue

3

Publication Date / Copyright Date

3-1-2018

First Page

152

Last Page

158

Publisher

American Society of Consultant Pharmacists

DOI Number

10.4140/TCP.n.2018.152

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To develop heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management kits in an accountable care organization (ACO) to facilitate patients' self-care and prevent hospital readmissions.

SETTING: Pharmacists practice in an outpatient-based ACO. They participate in interprofessional office visits with providers and independently manage maintenance pharmacotherapies.

PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists collaborate with an interprofessional team within the ACO including physicians, nurses, case managers, and paramedics. Two commonly encountered diseases are chronic COPD and HF. Reducing preventable readmissions for these conditions are important quality benchmarks and cost-saving strategies.

PRACTICE INNOVATION: Pharmacists were responsible for developing HF and COPD self-management kits containing patient education materials and prescriptions to facilitate self-care. Prior to kit development, pharmacists performed a literature review to determine the presence of previously published findings on these topics.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The interprofessional team continually evaluates the successes and limitations of this initiative. Pharmacists developed training and instructions for ACO allied health professionals in an effort to incorporate the self-management kits in clinical practice.

RESULTS: The initial literature search revealed no studies describing the intervention of interest. Innovative programs designed to help reduce preventable readmissions are lacking in primary care. Implementation of the self-management kits was accepted by interprofessional ACO leadership and is currently being integrated into allied health workflow.

CONCLUSION: Patients at risk for having an exacerbation of COPD or HF should receive self-management strategies. Prompt therapy prior to exacerbations reduces hospital admissions and readmissions, speeds recovery, and slows disease progression. Pharmacist-facilitated implementation of self-management kits may be developed by interprofessional health care teams.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

accountable care organizations, disease progression, heart failure, humans, outpatients, patient care team, patient readmission, patient transfer, pharmaceutical services, pharmacists, primary health care, professional role, pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive, self care, self-management

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