Faculty Articles

Title

Interaction of Gender and Age in Pharmacists' Labour Outcomes

ISBN or ISSN

1759-8893

Location

United Kingdom

Publication Title

Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research

Volume

7

Issue

1

Publication Date / Copyright Date

2016

First Page

23

Last Page

29

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

DOI Number

10.1111/jphs.12118

Abstract

Objectives

Workers from different genders and age groups may encounter unequal opportunities and/or structural barriers that grant them access to, or limit, the acquisition of human capital and the ability to apply it, which are likely to affect labour outcomes such as job entry, mobility, hours of work, and wages and salaries. The objective was to assess whether labour outcomes of young women differ from those of the rest of the workforce, if at all, due to gender, age, or the interaction of both classifications.

Methods

The study was based on survey data self‐reported by licensed pharmacists. A 2 × 3 (gender × age‐group) factorial design was used to assess differences in seven labour outcomes.

Key findings

Wages and salaries were greater for men than for women, and the disparity was observed in all age groups. Gender differences in average workweek and part‐time employment were heavily mediated by age. Age also mediated gender differences in annual household income. While the age‐group classification was statistically significant for all labour outcomes, the gender classification lacked significance for household income, distance to work and one‐way commute time. Wages and salaries, the wage rate, distance to work and one‐way commute time failed to show a significant interaction effect.

Conclusions

Pharmacists of different genders and age groups vary widely in terms of labour outcomes.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

age, gender, pharmacists' labour

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