Faculty Articles

Effectiveness of Kingdomality for Measuring CAPE Outcomes

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American Journal of Pharmacy Education





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Objectives: To determine if Kingdomality profiling can detect student maturation within CAPE Outcome domains. Method: Students determined their Kingdomality role at the beginning and end of the P1 year. Students were assigned to teams of balanced roles to collaborate on assignments and reflections involving practice, leadership, professionalism and co-curricular activities. Each role was assigned a number from 1 to 12, similar to a clock face, and correlated to 1 of 4 Kingdomality quadrants based upon the interrelationships of the roles. The number of students profiled into each role and quadrant was calculated. Changes in roles were determined by a change in assigned number. Results: 251 students were profiled. The number of students in each category remained relatively constant. White Knight (40%) Dreamer Minstrel (21%) and Shepherd (15%) were most prevalent roles in both testing periods, resulting in a dominant emotional helper quadrant (76%). Roles with leadership or critical thinking qualities were low (Benevolent Ruler 0%, Scientist 0%, Engineer Builder 1%). 145 (58%) students changed their role during the year. 49% of all students changed by a single clock position, 13% changed by 2, 6% changed by 3, 3% changed by 4, 10% changed by 5 and 19% changed by 6. Implications: The overall pattern of Kingdomality roles remains constant within the entire population, but individual students evolved their roles. Exposure to professional experiences may change the student’s interests, self-values and nature of interactions with others. Kingdomality may detect changes in CAPE Outcomes. Further study is needed.


Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences


CAPE outcomes, Kingdomality, student preference profile