Faculty Articles

Title

The Effect of Pramlintide Acetate on Glycemic Control and Weight in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and in Obese Patients without Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

ISBN or ISSN

1463-1326

Publication Title

Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism

Volume

13

Issue

2

Publication Date / Copyright Date

2-2011

First Page

169

Last Page

180

Publisher

Wiley

DOI Number

10.1111/j.1463-1326.2010.01337.x

Abstract

AIM: the objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of pramlintide on glycemic control, weight and incidence of nausea and hypoglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in obese patients without diabetes (OBP).

METHODS: eight randomized, clinical trials were identified from multiple databases. Qualitative assessments and quantitative analyses were performed.

RESULTS: in four T2DM studies (N = 930,duration of studies 16-52 weeks,120-150 mcg/dose BID-TID), all patients received insulin therapy. In four obesity studies (N = 686,duration of studies 6-24 weeks,120-360 mcg/dose BID-TID), equivalent volumes of placebo were administered before major meals. Pramlintide significantly reduced haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (-0.33% [95% CI -0.51, -0.14], p = 0.004) and weight (-2.57 kg, [95% CI -3.44, -1.70], p < 0.00001) versus the control group. More patients in the control group reported hypoglycaemia of any severity versus the pramlintide group (risk ratio 0.84 [95% CI 0.69, 10.3], p = 0.09). In OBP, pramlintide caused a reduction in weight (-2.27 kg [95% CI -2.88, -1.66], p < 0.00001). When event data from both populations were combined, patients randomized to pramlintide were 1.8 times more likely to report nausea of any severity versus control (p = 0.0005).

CONCLUSIONS: pramlintide was associated with a small reduction in HbA1c, and a modest reduction in weight in patients with T2DM or OBP. There was increased incidence of nausea but not hypoglycaemia at any time during therapy. Studies about the long-term effect of pramlintide on diabetes- and cardiovascular-related complications and cost-effectiveness analyses are needed.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

body weight, diabetes mellitus, female, humans, hypoglycemia, incidence, islet amyloid polypeptide, male, obesity, randomized controlled trials as topic, treatment outcome, type 2

Peer Reviewed

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