Faculty Articles

Title

A role for impaired regulatory T cell function in adverse responses to aluminum adjuvant-containing vaccines in genetically susceptible individuals.

Publication Title

Vaccine

Volume

32

Issue

40

Publication Date / Copyright Date

9-8-2014

First Page

5149

Last Page

5155

Publisher

Elsevier Science

Abstract

Regulatory T cells play a critical role in the immune response to vaccination, but there is only a limited understanding of the response of regulatory T cells to aluminum adjuvants and the vaccines that contain them. Available studies in animal models show that although induced T regulatory cells may be induced concomitantly with effector T cells following aluminum-adjuvanted vaccination, they are unable to protect against sensitization, suggesting that under the Th2 immune-stimulating effects of aluminum adjuvants, Treg cells may be functionally compromised. Allergic diseases are characterized by immune dysregulation, with increases in IL-4 and IL-6, both of which exert negative effects on Treg function. For individuals with a genetic predisposition, the beneficial influence of adjuvants on immune responsiveness may be accompanied by immune dysregulation, leading to allergic diseases. This review examines aspects of the regulatory T cell response to aluminum-adjuvanted immunization and possible genetic susceptibility factors related to that response.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

Adjuvants, Immunologic, Aluminum, Animals, Cytokines, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Hypersensitivity, Immunotherapy, Mice, Inbred BALB C, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory, Vaccination

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