Faculty Articles

Title

Allocation of Faculty and Curricular Time to the Teaching of Transitions of Care Concepts by Colleges of Pharmacy

ISBN or ISSN

1877-1297

Publication Title

Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning

Volume

10

Issue

6

Publication Date / Copyright Date

6-1-2018

First Page

701

Last Page

711

Publisher

Elsevier

DOI Number

10.1016/j.cptl.2018.03.014

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: To determine the allocation of faculty and curricular time to the teaching of transitions of care (ToC) concepts by colleges of pharmacy (COPs) to equip students with the necessary skills for the provision of these services.

METHODS: A novel 15-question anonymous electronic survey was sent to 136 pharmacy practice chairpersons.

RESULTS: Response rate was 26.5% (n = 36). Of these, 47% employed ToC faculty while 44% are not actively recruiting for that position in the foreseeable future. Median total curriculum hours dedicated to teaching ToC was four (interquartile range two to 10 hours). Medication reconciliation skills were taught didactically and via interactive lab sessions by 53% of respondents. Only 11% offered an interdisciplinary ToC program. A significant association between not having ToC faculty and lack of implementation of ToC concepts within a pharmacy curriculum (p = 0.02, Fisher's Exact) and practice site (p = 0.045, Pearson's) was observed. Barriers to adopting ToC within the curriculum (e.g., uncertainty of placement within curriculum, resistance by faculty and administrators) and at a practice site (e.g., inadequate infrastructure to accommodate ToC delivery, ToC faculty unavailability and resistance by other health care providers) were reported.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that COPs devote curricular time to ToC activities and involve dedicated faculty in the provision of these services. Several barriers to employing ToC faculty and planning additional time in the curriculum for teaching these skills were identified. Future research should determine the best methods for training students to ensure competence in performing ToC tasks.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

education, faculty, humans, medication reconciliation, patient transfer, pharmacy, resource allocation, schools, surveys and questionnaires, time factors

Peer Reviewed

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