Faculty Articles

Title

Assays of adrenal GPCR signaling and regulation: Measuring adrenal β-arrestin activity in vivo through plasma membrane recruitment

Publication Title

Methods in cell biology

Volume

142

Publication Date / Copyright Date

1-1-2017

First Page

79

Last Page

87

Publisher

Academic Press.

Abstract

Production and secretion of catecholamines and aldosterone from the adrenal gland are regulated by various adrenal G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), including α2-adrenergic (auto)receptors (ARs) and angiotensin receptors. These hormones, in turn, regulate cardiac function and play important pathophysiological roles in heart failure (HF). Recent studies have identified the GPCR adapter proteins β-arrestins, specifically β-arrestin1, as an important mediator of the GPCR-dependent production of these hormones in the adrenal gland. Upon GPCR agonist activation, β-arrestins translocate from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane to interact with the phosphorylated and active receptor and mediate its G protein-independent signaling. Here, we describe a simple and fast Western blotting-based technique for measuring adrenal β-arrestin plasma membrane recruitment in vivo, as an (indirect) index of its activity toward various agonist-activated adrenal GPCRs in vivo.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

Adrenal Glands, Animals, Blotting, Western, Cell Line, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm, Mice, Phosphorylation, Protein Binding, Rats, Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled, Signal Transduction, beta-Arrestin 1

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