Faculty Articles

PubMed Identifier

31227930

Title

Effect of Fast-Disintegrating Tablets' Characteristics on the Sublingual Permeability of Atropine Sulfate for the Potential Treatment of Organophosphates Toxicity

Publication Title

AAPS PharmSciTech [electronic resource]

Volume

20

Issue

6

Publication Date / Copyright Date

6-21-2019

First Page

229

Last Page

229

DOI Number

10.1208/s12249-019-1420-1

Abstract

Atropine sulfate (AS) fast-disintegrating sublingual tablets (FDSTs) were tested for AS sublingual permeation's feasibility as a potential alternative dosage form to treat organophosphates (OP) toxicity. More than 12,000 OP pesticide toxicity cases were reported in the USA from 2011 to 2014. AS is the recommended antidote for OP toxicity; however, it is only available as an ATROPEN® auto-injector, an IM injection, for self-administration, which is associated with several drawbacks and limitations. Six AS FDST batches were formulated and characterized. Two tablet sizes, group A weighing 150 mg and group B weighing 50 mg, were formulated with three different AS doses: 2 mg (A1 and B1), 4 mg (A2 and B2), and 8 mg (A3 and B3). AS in vitro diffusion and sublingual permeation were investigated in Franz cells using a cellulose membrane and an excised porcine sublingual membrane. The effect of AS load and tablet size on sublingual permeation was also evaluated. All batches passed quality control tests. AS FDSTs' size and AS load had a significant effect on tablet disintegration time and drug dissolution, which significantly impacted AS concentration gradient across the diffusional membrane. Group B FDSTs (smaller tablets) resulted in a significantly higher initial permeation (JAUC

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

Administration, Sublingual, Animals, Atropine, Diffusion, Organophosphate Poisoning, Permeability, Swine, Tablets

Peer Reviewed

Find in your library

Share

 
COinS