Document Type

Capstone

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Copyright Statement

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of Nova Southeastern University. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Department

College of Nursing

First Advisor

Gitana Ng

Second Advisor

Kelly Henson-Evertz

Publication Date / Copyright Date

2017

Publisher

Nova Southeastern University

Abstract

Background: Recent studies indicate a rise in the prevalence of obesity in children of various age groups. Obesity was officially recognized as a disease by the American Medical Association (AMA) in June 2013. It has been acknowledged as a progressive epidemic public health crisis in the United States for the past 20 years. This is a health care concern that needs examination and the development of new and more effective prevention and treatment modalities for obesity in children. Environmental, hereditary, behavioral, and socioeconomic factors play a significant role in the prevalence of obesity (Rooney, Mathiason, & Schauberger, 2011). Childhood obesity can generate serious emotional and physical consequences, thereby compromising the quality of life among children. Purpose: The purpose of this capstone project was to assess health care providers’ cultural competency by assessing the management of Hispanic parents with children diagnosed with obesity. A culturally diverse survey was developed to evaluate pediatric health care providers’ daily practice and management of Hispanic parents of children with obesity. Theoretical Framework: Madeleine Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality and the Health Belief Model constitute the theoretical framework of this capstone project. Methods: The research project gained support from the private pediatric primary care office for the completion of a questionnaire to assess health care providers’ knowledge of childhood obesity. Results: The data analysis revealed that the health care providers surveyed had at times omitted the evaluation of parameters that were vital in managing the health care of obese or overweight children. Certain parameters, such as weight, were always considered. The data analysis revealed gaps in the care of Hispanic pediatric overweight or obese patients and Hispanic caregivers. As a result of the findings, a better understanding of the importance of providing culturally competent health care was gained. Conclusion: This survey increased health care providers’ awareness of the importance of taking culture into consideration. It identified the gaps, and measures are now being evaluated to improve the quality of care provided to these children.

Disciplines

Nursing

Keywords

Health and environmental sciences, Health care providers, Hispanic culture, Obesity, Overweight, Pediatrics

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Nursing Commons

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